Over the years the architecture is changing and it`s becoming more necessary. In South America the typologies are similar and some cities have more history than others. Cuzco, for example, was the capital of the Empire of the Inkas. Until now its cathedrals and old houses are kept in perfect condition and I have been admired for it!
Cultural Heritage of Humanity ♠
Located in the Andes of Peru, Cuzco was developed during the Inca Pachacutec government as a complex urban center with different religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly defined areas for agr.icultural, artisanal and industrial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, it retained its basic structure, but built baroque churches and palaces on the ruins of the Inca city.
Cuzco is today a surprising jewel of the Inca capital and colonial city. Of the first, it preserves impressive vestiges, especially its planning: wall of meticulously cut granite or andesite, rectilinear streets that run inside the walls, ruins of the Temple of the Sun, of which the Gold Garden, once covered with sculptures of Precious metals, was sacked by Spanish soldiers to enrich the coffers of Charles V. From the colonial city, houses still freshly painted in white squatting, the palace and the wonderful baroque churches that achieved the impossible fusion of Plateresque, Mudejar styles or Churrigueresque with that of the Inca tradition.
The Constitution Square in Huancayo ♠
Huancayo is a beautiful city and has many tourist attractions but the peculiar thing is its Constitucion plaza. It`s one of the two main squares that this city has along with the Huamanmarca Park. It was formerly known as Plaza del Comercio but its name was changed after the oath of the «Liberal Constitution of Cadiz» that was made in 1813 by the people of Huancayo.
But the truth is that I feel particular attention for the cupola of the cathedral of this square. I have always liked these architectural element and seeing what is notorious in certain constructions here leads me to think of the era of rebirth. The houses and other parks also show certain types that I particularly liked.
Squares, main streets and buildings in Bolivia
Since my first trip to Bolivia in 2012 I have been impressed by the colorful and diverse architecture that it has. Also its ruins and landscapes are beautiful and somewhat similar to our Peru.
The architectural typologies are identical and impressive. The institutional and government palace, and its cathedrals are very well preserved. I have seen them in cities like La Paz, Cochabamba, Uyuni and Santa Cruz. The houses have a gabled roof mostly because it rains in the past and modern buildings have systems to protect themselves from such rains.
Arequipa, the white city
The story is that Arequipa territory was established by the Inca Mayta Capac (fourth Inca), who arrived with all his guard and was accepted by the inhabitants, who answered in Quechua the phrase «ari qipay», which means «yes! Stay».
The Historic Center of Arequipa was declared a Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Unesco in 2000, having impressive buildings such as the Cathedral Basilica, built on white ashlar, volcanic stone that is born from the Misti; The Santa Catalina Monastery, the San Lázaro neighborhood, the Selva Alegre neighborhood, the la Recoleta convent, among other varied architectures of the White City.
I have the opportunity to go again this summer after my trip to Tacna and Arica, but only to enjoy this incredible city. ♥ ♥ ♥